Aphrodite rises from the foam of the waves of the sea, enchanting anyone who sees her and inciting feelings of love where ever she goes.
The myrtle is her tree. The dove, the swan, and the sparrow her birds. Her Girdle, which has magical powers to compel love. Goddess of the Home. Each city had a public hearth sacred to Hestia, where the fire was never allowed to go out. The hearth fire place. Married to Zeus and is his sister too. Hera is the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Her sacred animals are the cow and the peacock. The peacock Find out more Son of Zeus and Hera. His bird is the vulture. His animal is the dog.
He is also associated with vultures and dogs. Son of Zeus and Leto. But the island of Delos allowed Leto to take refuge there and give birth to Apollo and his twin sister, Artemis. Apollo is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The god of light. The god of truth, who can not speak a lie. His tree was the laurel.
The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal. The Sun itself, the lyre a type of musical instrument , the bow, and the chariot he drives across the sky daily. Daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother is Apollo. Artemis is the huntsman of the gods.
She is the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. Her bow, which she uses to hunt, and her hounds. She often wears the lunar crescent on her brow. She sprang full grown in armor from his forehead, thus has no mother. Goddess of the city, handicrafts, and agriculture.
She invented the bridle, which permitted man to tame horses, the trumpet, the flute, the pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot. Her tree is the olive. The owl is her bird. Owl, signifying watchfulness and wisdom. Son of Zeus and Maia. He is the messenger of the gods. He is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and carries a magic wand. The Ancient Egyptians also believed in an Underworld, but the ones that the Greeks believed in was a little different.
Hades was in charge of the Underworld, and the god Hermes would guide people along to the River Styx — this separated the world of the living from the world of the dead. It cost money to be ferried across the River Styx, so when people were buried their families would place a coin on their body to make sure they could pay the fare.
This story about the Underworld is part of Greek mythology. References to the different myths can be found in pictures painted on vases, and in Greek literature like the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer. Each god had certain symbols that would help you tell which was which — for instance, Poseidon god of the sea always carried around a trident, and Aphrodite goddess of love is usually shown with doves. Some of the best myths involve heroes — people who did brave and noble things. He was brave even when he was a little baby — he saved the life of his brother by killing snakes that had been released into their nursery and meant to kill them.
Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. What is Greek mythology? The Ancient Greeks were very religious people, and believed that many different gods controlled everything that happened in life. Temples were built for each god. Priests in the temples were in charge of speaking to their particular god or goddess, and making sense of what they wanted the Greek people to do. To please the gods even more, festivals were held in their honour.
The Olympics began as a sporting festival held to honour the god Zeus. Zeus was king of all the gods, and he controlled the weather. The Greek gods were humans who looked like you and I do, but they were immortal they could live forever and had special powers.
There were 12 main gods and goddesses, and they all lived on Mount Olympus — the highest mountain in Greece. They could be just as mean to each other as they could be to mortals, which made it more difficult to know how to keep them happy. Because the gods had their own personalities, stories about them were told to explain why they acted the way they did — this is called mythology. In addition to gods, the Greeks believed in mythical creatures such as centaurs half human, half horse and Cyclopes monsters with only one eye.
These would often show up in mythology too. The Greeks also believed that after people died, they went to the Underworld like the Ancient Egyptians. The underworld was ruled by the god Hades, and to get there the god Hermes helped people cross the River Styx.
The king of all the gods was Zeus , who was in charge of the weather. The Olympics began as a festival of different sports, held to honour Zeus. The Ancient Romans also believed in some of the same gods as the Greeks did, but the Romans called them by different names.
Brother of Zeus. The God of the sea and worshiped by seamen. He married Amphitrite. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second most powerful god. Symbol or Attribute: Three-pronged trident Find out more.. Hades. Brother of Zeus. God of the underworld, ruling over the dead.
The Greeks believed that these gods and goddesses controlled everything in their lives and the environment. There was a god for every aspect of their lives. It was important to please the gods; happy gods helped you, but unhappy gods punished you. People had special places in their homes where they could pray to the gods.
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